From the beginning of Southern Spaces in 2004, we've understood this journal as participating in critical regional studies. Southern Spaces publishes work that represents and analyzes many souths and southern regions, offers critical scrutiny of any monolithic "South," interrogates historical developments and geographies over time, and maps expressive cultural forms associated with place. Perhaps our blog can serve as a site which takes notice of work in critical regionalism, wherever we find it. In the following excerpt from Main Street and Empire (Rutgers, 2012), a study of how the historical imaginary of the U.S. small town contributes to the ideology of American empire, author Ryan Poll offers a quick overview of the term:
At the conclusion of his canonical essay, "The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism," Fredric Jameson articulates what remains one of the most pressing challenges to aesthetic producers and critics: to develop texts that can help subjects understand and narrate how their everyday, local lives and spaces are dialectically bound to and enabled by global relations. Similarly the geography theorist and scholar Doreen Massey emphasizes the need to develop a "global sense of place." This project of thinking about the complex imbrications between the local and the global is one of the more productive developments in literary and cultural studies. In his 2001 article "Glocal Knowledges," the comparative literature scholar Robert Eric Livingston writes, "To grasp the scenarios of globalization requires resisting the impulse to set global and local into immediate opposition. Their intertwining may be made more helpfully understood [by means of the neologism ‘glocal,’ a concept that] . . . has the advantage not only of making visible the mutual articulation of our two spatial coordinates, but also of insisting, neologically, on the need for a more careful rereading of the means of articulation." One of the most exciting interdisciplinary means for thinking about the relation between the local and the global is "critical regionalism." The term, coined in the field of architecture in the early 1980s, challenges the dominant "fictions of globalization" (such as the global village) and instead uses local and regional sources to produce new narratives and geographic imaginaries by which to historicize and specify globalization. By attending to the local and the regional, we can see globalization not as a singular imaginary or community, but as a nuanced, complex, contradictory, and historically material process that is narrated and imagined differently depending on an individual’s—and a community’s—spatial location and position. In her important study, Critical Regionalism and Cultural Studies (1996), the literary scholar Cheryl Temple Herr writes, "Critical-regionalist-cultural studies has great potential for producing a unified but highly adaptive analysis of international flows at the local-regional level, towards the end of a more heterogeneous and tolerant future." Edward Watts, a scholar of American thought and language, writes that critical regionalism offers students a rich and robust methodology for thinking about globalization. . . . "We might," Watts offers, "teach our students to consider a text’s geographic placement as providing a nexus between the specificities of that setting and the larger issues at stake" (164).
In this short interview, historian Joseph Crespino discusses his new book, Strom Thurmond's America (New York: Hill and Wang, 2012), a political biography of South Carolina politician Strom Thurmond. Crespino explains how his book challenges the traditional view of Strom Thurmond's politics. He also argues that Thurmond became an "establishment Republican" in the 1980s, and his moderate stance would probably lead him to be run-out of the current Republican Party. Finally, Crespino addresses the controversial topic of Thurmond's African American daughter.
|Emory University, Expert Conversations on Strom Thurmond, 2012.|
Thelma McWilliams Glass died on July 24, 2012 at age ninety-six. She was the last surviving member of the Women’s Political Council (WPC), a group of African American women in Montgomery, Alabama, who helped organize the 1955–56 bus boycott. Glass taught geography at Alabama State University from the late 1940s until she retired in 1981.
For more about Thelma Glass, read the biographical sketch in the Montgomery Advertiser by Erica Pippins. See David J. Garrow, "The Origins of the Montgomery Bus Boycott," Southern Changes 7, no. 5 (1985), for an overview of the WPC’s role in the boycott, a key event in the modern civil rights movement.
Louisiana National Guardmen observe as water from the industrial canal overtops the levees, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 2008
The Bulletin compiles news from in and around the U.S. South. We hope these posts will provide space for lively discussion and debate regarding issues of importance to those living in and intellectually engaging with the U.S. South.
Farmers and ranchers across the South, Midwest, and West are struggling to bring their crops to harvest and feed their herds. Texas ranchers sold nearly 36,000 head of cattle last week, triple the number from a few weeks ago. The Arkansas River Basin has been hit especially hard, which is evident in this map depicting drought severity across the country, with almost all of Arkansas in severe or extreme drought. Another set of annual drought maps, from the New York Times, demonstrates the extent of drought across the country since the 1890s.
According to a recent report issued by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the scorching summer of 2012 has brought record temperatures and the worst drought in the continental United States since the 1950s. NOAA's report and a study they completed with a similar agency in the United Kingdom suggest that rising global temperatures may have contributed to the increased frequency of droughts in the last few years.
Environmentalist Bill McKibben recently penned an essay in the magazine Rolling Stone which details the ways in which carbon emissions contribute to rising global temperatures. McKibben highlights the "terrifying new math" which reveals how serious the global warming crisis is and how the international community can address it.
The Bulletin—July 24, 2012»
Documentary filmmaker George Stoney, 96, died this week. His films include The Uprising of '34 (1995), about a large and violent strike in the southern textile industry in 1934, and All My Babies (1952), about Georgia midwife Mary Coley. All My Babies was selected for the National Film Registry in 2002. Stoney was also an advocate for and creator of public-access television, a teacher at New York University, and a native of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
He was remembered in the New York Times, the Village Voice, and by Tom Rankin at the Center for Documentary Studies. Adding to these accounts, below are links to the work and voice of Stoney himself—a discussion of making The Uprising of '34 and a discussion and streaming video of All My Babies and a 2010 follow-up documentary.
Links to Selected Works by George Stoney
Stoney, George. All My Babies: A Midwife's Own Story, 1952. Streaming at SnagFilms.
———. "All My Babies: Research," in Film: Book 1, The Audience and the Filmmaker, ed. Robert Hughes. New York: Grove Press, 1959. Available through Documentary Education Resouces.
———. "Filming The Uprising of '34," Southern Changes 16, no. 3 (1994).
Stoney, George and David Bagnall.A Reunion of All My Babies, 2010. Streaming at SnagFilms.
Remembering Documentary Filmmaker George Stoney»
In light of our publication of Elizabeth Engelhardt's presentation "Forgotten Locavores: Letters and Literature of Market Bulletins," we decided to publish this series of photographs depicting preparations for a church picnic supper at St. Thomas Catholic Church, taken by Marion Post Wolcott on August 7, 1940 near Bardstown, Kentucky. We first came across the second photograph in the series, where African American and white men are cooking together, and wanted to know more about what was happening in this integrated outdoor kitchen. Looking at the curated series, where the white workers are called "parishoners" and the black workers are unidentified, it appears that the second image likely fits into expected paradigms of race and labor. The photograph of lamb and beef cooking is also a notable representation of local foodways, as barbecuing mutton is distinct to this area of Kentucky. More photographs in this series can be viewed in the Library of Congress's Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
|Marion Post Wolcott, Poster advertising church picnic near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Black & White Negatives Collection, LC-USF33-030987-M4.|
|Marion Post Wolcott, Cooking a fried supper as a benefit picnic supper which is being given by St. Thomas church, near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, E 9026.|
|Marion Post Wolcott, Barbecuing beef and lamb for a benefit picnic supper on the grounds of St. Thomas' Church, near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Black & White Negatives Collection, LC-USF33-030968-M5.|
|Marion Post Wolcott, Parishoners peeling potatoes for a benefit picnic supper on the grounds of St. Thomas' Church, near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Black & White Negatives Collection, LC-USF33-030969-M3.|
|Marion Post Wolcott, Parishoners preparing food for a benefit picnic supper on the grounds of St. Thomas Church, near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Black & White Negatives Collection,LC-USF33-030983-M5.|
|Marion Post Wolcott, Table in picnic grove set for St. Thomas church supper, near Bardstown, Kentucky, August 7, 1940. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Black & White Negatives Collection, LC-USF33-030983-M5.|